The United States withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) will galvanise momentum for the successful conclusion of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), an economist said.
Asia Pacific Chief Economist for IHS Global Insight, Rajiv Biswas, said US President Donald Trump’s signing of an executive order, confirming the country’s exit from the TPP, would accelerate a significant shift in the trade policy landscape in the Asia Pacific region.
In a statement today, he said the US withdrawal would also help strengthen China’s economic leadership position in the Asia Pacific, in respect of the RCEP and Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific (FTAAP).
He said China is also undertaking its own regional economic initiatives, such as the One Belt One Road regional strategy as well as playing a major role in creating new development finance institutions such as the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).
“China is likely to play a much stronger lead role in the future Asia Pacific trade architecture through a number of multilateral trade liberalisation initiatives, notably the RCEP and FTAAP,” he said.
He added that at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (Apec) Summit held last November in Lima, Peru, two Latin American TPP member countries, Chile and Peru, also expressed interest in joining the RCEP negotiations.
This was on expectations that the TPP would stall.
The RCEP is an Asia-Pacific trade liberalisation initiative led by China that includes the ten Asean members as well as Australia, New Zealand, Japan, South Korea and India.
The FTAAP encompasses all 21 Apec economies through trade liberalisation and once established, would become the world’s largest free trade zone, covering 57 per cent of the global economy and nearly half of world trade.
Biswas said Apec leaders had also reaffirmed their commitment to move forward with a longer term vision of creating the FTAAP, with next steps set out in the Lima Declaration.
“As the FTAAP would be realised outside of Apec, but in parallel with the organisations’s process, this creates greater flexibility in case some members do not wish to pursue the vision,” he said.
Meanwhile, on the impact of US withdrawal from the TPP on Malaysia, Biswas said the country’s export growth outlook had been significantly impacted by the US decision.
He said the Vietnamese and Malaysian manufacturing export sectors were expected to be among the largest beneficiaries of the TPP due to the much improved market access to North America.
“The TPP agreement would have significantly reduced tariff barriers for the electronics manufacturing industries of both countries. It would have also provided a large boost to Vietnam’s textile exports,” he added.
Biswas said US withdrawal from TPP is also a blow to Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and his economic reform plans for the country as the trade pact was a key pillar of the Third Arrow structural reforms under Abenomics.
He said while the other 11 TPP members could create a parallel agreement without the US and move forward, the economic benefits would be significantly reduced.
This is because the gross domestic product (GDP) of the US accounted for around 68 per cent of the combined GDP of the 12 TPP negotiating partner countries.
However, he said there is a silver lining in the US aborting the trade deal.
President Donald Trump has expressed his intention to pursue bilateral trade negotiations with other TPP member countries.
“This bilateral approach may also provide opportunities for further trade liberalisation between the US and them,” he added. — Bernama