Prime Minister Najib Razak today launched three major documents under the National Development Plan to chart a more dynamic, balanced and resilient development roadmap for the country in tackling future challenges.
The documents are the Third National Physical Development Plan (RFN3) , Second National Urbanisation Plan (DPN2) and National Rural Physical Planning Policy (DPF Desa Negara).
Najib said the three documents for the National Development Plan were very important as a main source of reference for various agencies in drawing up the nation’s physical development plans that would be efficient and sustainable.
He said drawing up of the RPN was in line with the 11th Malaysia Plan (11MP) to ensure balanced and fair development in every corner of the country, whether it is a rural or urban area.
“I believe these documents were drawn up based on manifestations and taking into consideration the views, wants, aspirations and needs of every level of Malaysian society,” he said at the launching of the three documents, in Putrajaya, today.
Also present were Urban Wellbeing, Housing and Local Government Minister Noh Omar and his deputy, Halimah Mohd Sadique.
Najib said the RFN, drawn up in 2015, was the highest-level planning document in the national physical development planning framework that translated the national strategic and sectoral policies into spatial and physical dimensions.
“The RFN makes Malaysia the first country in the world that has a spatial planning and development framework at the national level,” he said.
With regard to the DPN, he said it was a policy that was prepared in 2016 with the plan period stretching until 2025.
“The DFN is a policy that steers and coordinates urban development planning and administration to make it more efficient and systematic with the emphasis on balanced social, economic and physical development,” he said.
On the third document, the DPF Desa Negara, Najib said it was the first rural development policy in Malaysia to be in spatial form, aimed at holistic planning for rural development and to complement the DPN.
Najib said by 2020, the urbanisation rate in Malaysia was expected to reach 77 per cent and rising to 85 per cent by 2040, which would see a marked increase in urban population.
“Surely this will put pressure on the capacity of the infrastructure facilities and utilities, social amenities, housing, services and the need for food.”
He said the number of rural population was expected to decline to 23 per cent by 2020 and only 15 per cent left by 2040.
“This necessities bolstering and surge in rural economic competitiveness, particularly to attract high-value investments and to create a value chain of balanced economic activities between the urban and rural areas,” said Najib, adding that this matter would be addressed in preparing the National Development Plan.
On another aspect, the prime minister said Malaysia which would have an ageing population by 2040 with almost 20 per cent of its people aged 60 years and above from only 9.24 per cent in 2015, would need to provide more senior citizen-friendly facilities and infrastructure.
“I’ve been informed that the National Development Plan also takes into consideration the need to provide comprehensive, integrated and senior citizen-friendly services, besides multi-generational housing so that the elderly can live closeby or together with their children,” he said.
Najib said in the run-up to 2050, the government would strive hard to achieve three targets, namely, strong, balanced and resilient economic growth; making Malaysia a livable nation with urbanisation not exceeding 85 per cent; and a nation with low carbon emissions. – Bernama